Analysis of System Composition and Architecture of LED Display Screen

As a high-tech product, LED display has attracted great attention. The intelligent full-color display, which is controlled by computer and integrates light and electricity, has been applied in a wide range of fields. The pixel points adopt LED light-emitting diodes, and many light-emitting diodes are arranged in a dot matrix to form an LED array and then an LED screen. Through different LED driving modes, images with different effects can be obtained. Therefore, the advantages and disadvantages of LED driver chip play an important role in the display quality of LED display screen. LED driver chips can be divided into general chips and special chips.

Analysis of System Composition and Architecture of LED Display Screen 1

General purpose chips are generally used for low-end products of LED display screens, such as indoor single and dual color screens. The most commonly used general chip is 74HC595, which has the functions of 8-bit latch, serial shift register and three state output. Each channel can output 35mA non constant current at most.Because LED is a current characteristic device, that is, on the premise of saturated conduction, its brightness changes with the change of current, not with the change of voltage at both ends. The biggest feature of the special chip is to provide constant current source output, ensure the stable driving of LED and eliminate the flicker of LED. With the characteristics of high output current and constant current, it is suitable for occasions requiring high current and high image quality, such as outdoor full-color screen, indoor full-color screen, etc.LED driver chip series products for LED display smt5026.smt5026 has built-in CMOS shift register and latch function, which can convert serial input data into parallel output data format.

Part II: system architecture of LED display screen(1) Display unitThis is the main part of the LED display screen, which is composed of luminous materials and driving circuits. The indoor screen is the unit display board of various specifications, and the outdoor screen is the unit box.

(2) Main controllerThe function is to buffer, transform and reorganize the input RGB digital video signal, and generate various control signals.(3) Switching power supply

The purpose is to change 220V AC into various DC to supply various circuits.(4) Transmission cableThe display data and various control signals generated by the main controller are transmitted to the screen body by twisted pair cable.

Analysis of System Composition and Architecture of LED Display Screen 2

(5) Scan controllerThe function of the circuit board is to buffer data and generate various scanning signals and duty cycle gray control signals.(6) Special display card and multimedia card (video card)

In addition to the basic functions of the computer display card, the LED full-color display card also outputs digital RGB signals, line, field, blanking and other signals to the main controller. In addition to the above functions, the multimedia card can also change the input analog video signal into digital RGB signal (i.e. video acquisition).(7) Other signal sources and their external devices

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